Python tidbits: inverting the nesting of a nested list.

More than once I came across the problem of rearranging a nested list. I had a nested list of the form

X = [['a', 'b', 'c'], ['d', 'e', 'f']]

And I want

Y = [['a', 'd'], ['b', 'e'], ['c', 'f']]

without having to resort to an ugly list comprehension over 3 lines. A friend told me to use

Y = zip(*X)

So easy! Kind of obvious but I didn't find it on the web. So I thought I'd write it down. Enjoy!


  1. >>> X = [['a', 'b', 'c'], ['d', 'e', 'f']]
    >>> zip(*X)
    [('a', 'd'), ('b', 'e'), ('c', 'f')]


  2. Sorry, that's what I meant. Corrected the post.

  3. This is related to taking the transpose of a matrix or array (implemented in Numpy).

  4. I always liked the scheme version:
    (apply map list X)


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